- 15.5.Beyşehir: The history of Beysehir dates back to 6000-7000 BC, Neolithic Period. The Hittites between 2000 BC; the people of Eflatun Pınar and Fasıllar have also left monuments. In these years, the area was occasionally invaded by the Egyptian and Assyrian states. The district was annexed to Phrygia around 1200 BC, later an independent state called Psinya was established here. It was controlled in 7th century B.C by Lydians, then by Persians, Alexander the Great in 333, by the Romans in 120 BC, and then by the Eastern Rome (Byzantium). After the 1071 Malazgirt Campaign, Beyşehir, was administered by the Seljuk Turks and it was a very important city under the rule of the Anatolian Seljuks. Alaaddin Keykubat founded the Kubad-abad City in the "Eyrinaz Gezisi" (now Gölyaka town) and made it his second capital. Following the invasion of Anatolia by Mongols in 1243, Eşrefoğlu Seyfettin Süleyman Bey founded the city of Suleymaniye (Beysehir), proclaimed its independence from here and brought the Esrefoğlu Principality to the existence. It had 65 towns, 70,000 cavalry and many villages. Çobanoglu Demirbaş from the Ilhanlı Commanders destroyed Eşrefoğlu Principality in 1326. After this, Beyşehir, was controlled by Hamitoğulları, then it changed hands between the Ottomans and Karamanids between 1374 and 1467 for 20 times. In 1467, Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror definitely conquered Beyşehir and made it a sanjak of Karaman Eyalet within the Ottoman State. Finally, in 1872, its status of Şehiremini was changed into a municipality. Beyşehir District is located in the Region of Lakes in the Mediterranean part of Konya Province and behind the Central Taurus Mountains. The district is bordered by Konya city center and Seydisehir District to the east, by Şarkikaraağaç, Eğirdir, Sütçüler districts to the west, by Ilgın, Doğanhisar and Hüyük districts to the north and by Seydisehir district to the south. It is separated from the Mediterranean, which is 65 km away in the southernmost point, by Taurus Mountains which rise like a wall. Beyşehir is a closed basin surrounded by the Toros Ridge Mountains to the south and west, Erenler to the east, and the Sultan Mountains to the north. Beyşehir Lake, which is 651 km2 and in the middle of this basin, gives a special feature to it. The southern and western Taurus Mountains stretch like a fan under various names. The hills of Kartos, Dedegöl, Dumanli and Naldoken are the main ones. The highest point is Dippoyraz Hill, 2890 m., on the Anamas mountains. The region is influenced in terms of climate by the lake in the region, as one moves away from the lake, climate conditions of Central Anatolia are felt more. The area around lake is forestry with pine, cedar, juniper, fir and oak trees. The climate of the district is between the Mediterranean and Central Anatolia climates, the summers are short, arid and cool, and the winters are cold.
Beyşehir ' deki Gezilecek Yerler
Beyşehir’in 18 kilometre doğusunda yer alan Fasıllar Anıtı, dünyanın en büyük kaya anıtlarından biridir. Aynı zamanda Bizans dönemine ait Misthia kenti harabelerinin de bulunduğu köyde yer alan Fasıllar Anıtı Büyük Tanrı'yı bir dağ tapınağında iki arslan arasında gösterir.
Beyşehir' den Kareler
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